NAfME Teaching with Primary Sources Curriculum Units for the 2014 Music Standards 

This Unit is designed with flexibility in mind. The lesson may be used with a choir, smaller ensembles, or solo singers. Though it is designed for students at the Proficient level, differentiation suggestions in each lesson can be used to reach learners of varying experience or proficiency.  

Students at the Advanced level independently identify challenging arts problems based on their interests or for specific purposes and bring creativity and insight to finding artistic solutions. They are facile in using at least one art form as an effective avenue for personal communication, demonstrating a high level of technical and expressive proficiency characteristic of honors or college-level work. They exploit their personal strengths and apply strategies to overcome personal challenges as arts learners. They are capable of taking a leadership role in arts activity within and beyond the school environment.  


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  • Ensembles
  • Standards

Resource Type

  • Classroom Resource
  • Curriculum
  • Publication
  • Teaching Guide
  • Teaching Tip / Idea


  • Choral
  • Vocal
  • Vocal Jazz
  • Voice

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