NAfME Teaching with Primary Sources Curriculum Units for the 2014 Music Standards 

This unit aligns to the Intermediate Level standards and assumes students have completed an equivalent of 2–4 years of study in an ensemble in addition to core or general music. This unit has been developed in conjunction with the more rigorous Small Ensembles Accomplished unit which can be used to extend instruction for varied levels of learning. The instrumentation of the small ensembles is flexible and designed to allow for any combination of musicians.  

This unit is suitable for instruction in multiple delivery methods (in-person, hybrid, online). Students will learn about and interact with the concepts of underrepresentation, dominant and counter narratives, bias, and perspective. The introduction of these concepts is dependent on the presumption that the typical access point for learning music in class is reading Western music staff notation. 


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  • Ensembles
  • Standards

Resource Type

  • Classroom Resource
  • Curriculum
  • Publication
  • Teaching Guide
  • Teaching Tip / Idea


  • Band
  • Percussion
  • Strings
  • Winds

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