NAfME Teaching with Primary Sources Curriculum Units for the 2014 Music Standards 

In this unit, students will use recordings and other resources held by the Library of Congress to  

  • analyze slavery as a motivation for spirituals.  
  • analyze how spirituals influenced the music’s tonality and harmonic structure.  
  • analyze how slaves expressed forbidden feelings and desires.  
  • make connections to original melodies and techniques.  
  • inquire about the tone, audience, speaker, occasion, purpose, and subject to inform their performance practice.  
  • create a log of what is aesthetically pleasing.  
  • identify ways that they might use protest songs in our current culture.  
  • use the SOAPSTone Model of inquiry.  
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  • Ensembles
  • Standards

Resource Type

  • Classroom Resource
  • Curriculum
  • Publication
  • Teaching Guide
  • Teaching Tip / Idea


  • Choral
  • Vocal

Year Added


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